Figure 8-14.Technical terms used in forklift operations.
areas with low-overhead clearance. It must be able to
negotiate inclines, either empty or loaded. Technical
terms associated with forklift operations are explained
in figure 8-14.
CAPABILITIES AND LIMITS
The safe and efficient use of a forklift requires skill
and alertness horn the operator. For the majority of
materials-handling operations, the forklift excels,
because it is self-propelled and requires only the
operator to control the lifting, transporting, stacking,
and unstacking. To develop the skill required for safe
and efficient forklift operations, you must have an
understanding of the makeup, capabilities, and
limitations of the forklift, and see that it is maintained
in good mechanical condition.
In the selection of a forklift, consider the
performance, lift height, power, and capacity; also
consider the available space and area the forklift must
NOTE: For complete information on the
capabilities of your forklift, refer to
manual provided by the manufacturer.
Forklifts are available in standard models that have
lift heights of up to 210 inches. The lift height of a
forklift selected for an operation depends on how high
the material is stored and the overall height of the
forklift, with the mast lowered, that must clear door
casings, overhead obstructions, and other building
limitations. Also, there are restrictions and limitations
on lift height during unloading and loading of cargo
vessels, trucks, tractor-trailers, and so forth.
The capacity of the forklift must be equal to the task.
For this reason, the weight of each load must be known
before a lift is made.