The forklift is a primary piece of equipment that is
essential to the mission of the NCF. Forklifts are used
to support construction operations whenever there is a
need to lift, load, or unload materials or supplies.
Because of the variety of makes and models of forklifts
used in the Navy and the NCF, this chapter covers only
the characteristics and basic principles of operations of
forklifts. By reading the operators manuals, you can
obtain detailed information about each make and model.
Forklifts are classified as materials-handling
equipment. The term materials handling describes an
ongoing activity for every construction project or
operation that requires the picking up and moving of raw
materials, processed parts, finished products, tools,
equipment, supplies, or maintenances items. Every
operation that requires raising, lowering, or moving an
item is classified as materials handling.
Since materials handling involves lifting, lowering,
and moving in some form, forklifts excel over other
methods of handling. Forklifts are specifically designed
to ensure efficient handling of materials under varied
Design specifications and performance
characteristics of forklifts define their capabilities and
limitations under adverse conditions. To operate a forklift
efficiently, you must know its capabilities and limitations.
This chapter covers the capabilities, limitations,
attachments, and principles of operation of warehouse
and rough terrain forklifts.
The most common types of warehouse forklifts
used are either electric-, gasoline-, or propane-powered
and have solid, semisolid, or pneumatic rubber tires.
These forklifts are used in warehouses or on
hard-surfaced outdoor storage areas. The warehouse
forklift (fig. 8-1) is a unit designed to pickup, carry, and
Figure 8-1.Warehouse forklift