Table 3-2.--Common Woods--Continued
Fine-grained, grain often curly or
All states east of
"bird's eyes." Heavy, tough, hard,
strong. Rather easy to work, but
floors, tool handles, ship
not durable. Heartwood is light
counter tops, bowling pins.
brown, sap wood is nearly white.
Dimension timber, masts,
Light, fairly hard, strong. Not
States bordering Great
durable in contact with ground.
spars, piling, interior trim.
Not a true mahogany. Shrinks,
expands, splits, warps, but
furntiure, interior trim.
available in long, wide, clear
Soft, cheap obtainable in wide
boards. Warps, shrinks, rots
easily. Light, brittle, weak, but
interior finish, shelving,
works easily and hold nails well,
East of Colorado and
Mothproof chests, lining
Very light, soft, weak, brittle, low
north of Florida.
for linen closets, sills, and
shrinkage. Great durability,
other uses similar to white
fragrant scent. Generally knotty,
beautiful when finished in
natural color. Easily worked.
Interior finish, furniture,
Tends to warp. Coarse-grained.
Does not last well when exposed
crossties when preserved.
to weather. Porous easily
Heavy, tough, strong.
Inferior to yellow pine and fir in
strength. Shrinks and splits little.
Extremely soft, light straight-
grained. Very durable,
exceptionally decay resistant.
New York, New
Light, soft, low strength, fair
wood, piles, airplanes,
durability, close grained,
oars, masts, spars, baskets.
yellowish, sap wood indistinct.
Canada, Great Lakes
Same as white pine.
Very light, soft, resembles white
India, Burma, Java,
Deck planking, shaft logs
Light brown color. Strong, easily
for small boats.
worked, durable, resistant to
damage by moisture.