pipe in which the valve is installed. Gate valves are not
suitable for throttling purposes because turbulence
makes it difficult to control flow. Also, fluid force
against a partially open gate causes it to vibrate, causing
extensive damage to the valve.
Gate valves are classified as either rising stem
rising stem gate valve, the stem is attached to the gate,
and the gate and the stem rise and lower together as the
valve is operated. In a nonrising stem gate valve, the
stem is threaded on its lower end into the gate. As you
rotate the handwheel on the stem, the gate travels up or
down the stem on the threads while the stem remains
vertically stationary. This type of valve almost always
has a pointer type of indicator threaded onto the upper
end of the stem to show the gate's position.
With this basic information on the principles of the
gate valve, you are ready to learn about repair
procedures and the manufacture of repair parts.
You should use lapping to correct defects such as
light pitting or scoring and imperfect seat contact. Use
a lapping tool designed for the type of valve to be
reconditioned. NEVER use the gate as a lap.
USC the same lapping process for gate valves that
we described earlier for globe valves. But with gate
valves, turn the lap by a handle extending through the
inlet or outlet end of the valve body. Insert the lapping
tool, minus the handle, into the valve so you cover one
of the seat rings. Then attach the handle to the lap and
begin the lapping work. You can lap the wedge gate to
a true surface by using the same lap you used on the seat
rings. In some cases when a gate is worn beyond repair
and a shim behind the seat will not give a proper seat,
you may need to plate the gate or seat.
NOTE: A shim has to be applied behind both seats
Figure 13-8.--Cutaway view of a gate stop valve (rising stem
to maintain the proper angle.
As another alternative, you may weld repair the
damaged gate, then use a mill or lathe with an angle
governor maintains a constant pump discharge pressure
plate or fixture to machine it to its original specifi-
under varying conditions of load. It is installed in the
cations. Plating has one advantage over welding; the
selective brush plating method does not heat the gate.
steam line to the pump. It controls the amount of steam
When you build up metal by welding, it always heats
admitted to the driving turbine, thereby controlling the
the surfaces and can cause loss of temper or other
pump discharge pressure.
weaknesses in the metal.
Two of the most common types of constant-
pressure pump governors used by the Navy are the
Leslie and the Atlas. The two are very similar in
operating principles. Our discussion is based on the
Leslie governor, but most of the information also
Many turbine driven pumps are fitted with special
applies to the Atlas governor.
valves called constant-pressure governors. This