Figure 6-54.--Eccentric machining of work mounted on a
1/16-inch steps and will tighten down with accuracy
on any size within the 1/16-inch range.
CARE OF CHUCKS.--To preserve a chuck's
accuracy, handle it carefully and keep it clean. Never
force a chuck jaw by using a pipe as an extension on
the chuck wrench.
Figure 6-55.--Work damped to an angle plate.
Before mounting a chuck, remove the live center
and fill the hole with a rag to prevent chips and dirt
Work is secured to the faceplate by bolts, clamps,
from getting into the tapered hole of the spindle.
or any suitable clamping means. The holes and slots
in the faceplate are used to anchor the holding bolts.
Clean and oil the threads of the chuck and the
Angle plates may be used to locate the work at the
spindle nose. Dirt or chips on the threads will not
allow the chuck to seat properly against the spindle
counterweight added for balance.)
shoulder and will prevent the chuck from running
true. Since there are a number of different ways that
For work to be mounted accurately on a faceplate,
chucks mount to machines, you must refer to your
the surface of the work in contact with the faceplate
operators manual for mounting instructions.
must be accurate. Check the accuracy with a dial
When you mount or remove a heavy chuck, lay a
indicator. If you find runout, reface the surface of the
board across the bedways to protect them and to help
work that is in contact with the faceplate. It is good
support the chuck as you put it on or take it off. Most
practice to place a piece of paper between the work
larger chucks are drilled and tapped to accept a pad
and the faceplate to keep the work from slipping.
eye for lifting with a chainfall.
Before securely clamping the work, move it about
The procedures for mounting and removing
on the surface of the faceplate until the point to be
faceplates are the same as for mounting and removing
machined is centered accurately over the axis of the
lathe. Suppose you wish to bore a hole, the center of
which has been laid out and marked with a prick
Holding Work On a Faceplate
punch. First, clamp the work to the approximate
position on the faceplate. Then, slide the tailstock up
A faceplate is used for mounting work that cannot
to where the dead center just touches the work. Note,
be chucked or turned between centers because of its
the dead center should have a sharp, true point. Now
peculiar shape. A faceplate is also used when holes
revolve the work slowly and, if the work is off center,
are to be accurately machined in flat work, as in figure
the point of the dead center will scribe a circle on the
6-54, or when large and irregularly shaped work is to
work. If the work is on center, the point of the dead
be faced on the lathe.
center will coincide with the prick punch mark.