INTRODUCTION - Continued
surface as the background color of the item. Other markings are to be repainted as original so as to retain
Replace. To remove an unserviceable item and install a serviceable counterpart in its place. Replace is
authorized by the MAC and assigned maintenance level is shown as the third position code of the
Repair. The application of maintenance services, including fault location/troubleshooting,
removal/installation, disassembly/assembly procedures and maintenance actions to identify troubles and
restore serviceability to an item by correcting specific damage, fault, malfunction, or failure in a part,
subassembly, module (component or assembly), end item, or system.
The following definitions are applicable to the "repair" maintenance function:
Services. Inspect, test, service, adjust, align, calibrate, and/or replace.
Fault location/troubleshooting. The process of investigating and detecting the
cause of equipment malfunctioning; the act of isolating a fault within a system or
Unit Under Test (UUT).
Disassembly/assembly. The step-by-step breakdown (taking apart) of a
spare/functional-group-coded item to the level of its least component that is
assigned an SMR code for the level of maintenance under consideration
(i.e., identified as maintenance significant).
Actions. Welding, grinding, riveting, straightening, facing, machining,
Overhaul. That maintenance effort (service/action) prescribed to restore an item to a completely
serviceable/operational condition as required by maintenance standards in appropriate technical
publications. Overhaul is normally the highest degree of maintenance performed by the Army. Overhaul
does not normally return an item to like-new condition.
Rebuild. Consists of those services/actions necessary for the restoration of unserviceable equipment
to a like-new condition in accordance with original manufacturing standards. Rebuild is the highest
degree of material maintenance applied to Army equipment. The rebuild operation includes the act of
returning to zero (0) those age measurements (e.g., hours/miles) considered in classifying Army
Explanation of Columns in the MAC
Column (1) Group Number. Column (1) lists Functional Group Code (FGC) numbers, the purpose of which is to
identify maintenance-significant components, assemblies, subassemblies, and modules with the Next Higher
Column (2) Component/Assembly. Column (2) contains the item names of components, assemblies,
subassemblies, and modules for which maintenance is authorized.
Column (3) Maintenance Function. Column (3) lists the functions to be performed on the item listed in column (2).
(For a detailed explanation of these functions, refer to "Maintenance Functions" outlined above.)
Column (4) Maintenance Level. Column (4) specifies each level of maintenance authorized to perform each
function listed in column (3), by indicating work time required (expressed as manhours in whole hours or