8-hour refresher training course on crane operator
The testing of crane operators is the direct
responsibility of the crane certifying officer. The crane
certifying officer may be assisted in administering a
performance test by the crane test director. The
equipment officer is normally responsible for the duties
of the crane certifying officer and is designated in
writing by the commanding officer. The crane
certifying officer designates in writing the crane test
director and all crane test personnel. Crane license is
issued on the Construction Equipment Operator
License, NAVFAC 11260/2, and will indicate the make,
model, capacity, and the attachments the operator is
qualified to operate.
The signalman is part of the crane crew and is
responsible to the operator to give signals for lifting,
swinging, and lowering loads. A signalman should be a
qualified seasoned crane operator. Not only does the
signalman give signals for handling loads but the
signalman can visually observe what the operator
cannot see from the operators cab. For example, during
a lift the signalman should make a visual check of the
1. The load hook is centered over the center of
balance of the load, as the weight is being lifted by the
2. The boom deflection does not exceed the safe
3. All the rigging gear is straight and not causing
damage to itself or the load.
4. During a lift with a lattice boom crane, check the
boom suspension system and boom hoist reeving to
ensure proper operation.
5. Check the hook block and boom tip sheaves
reeving to ensure proper operation.
6. Check the stability of the outriggers especially
when swinging from one quadrant of operation to
NOTE: On some cranes, the capacity of the crane
changes when swinging from the rear quadrant to
7. Use tag lines and tag line handlers to prevent the
load from swinging or twisting.
Allowing personnel to control a load by the
use of hands puts them in great danger should
the load fall or some unexpted mishap occurs.
8. Signal only to lift the load high enough to clear
9. ALWAYS have eye-to-eye contact with the
The crane operator depends on the
signalman to lift, swing, and lower a load safely.
The signalman must also know the load weight
being lifted and the radius and capacity of the crane. The
basic hand signals used throughout the NCF are in
appendix IV of this TRAMAN. Only one person gives
signals to the operator.
The only time anyone else
should give a signal is for an EMERGENCY STOP.
The rigger or riggers are responsible to the operator
for properly attaching the rigging gear to the load.
Rigging can be an extremely dangerous job if not
Safety gear, such as hard hats,
steel-toed shoes, gloves, and any other personal safety
clothing needed, must be worn.
Riggers and signalman must work closely together
after the load is rigged. The signalman visually checks
for proper rigging that the operator cannot visually see
from the operators cab. Once the rigging is approved,
then the load can be signaled to be lifted.
NOTE: The operator has the final approval on any
lift and has the ultimate responsibility for the crane lift
The operator pulls the levers on the crane and is
directly responsible for the crane, the load rigging, and
the lifts performed. You must know the crane, how to
operate it, how it responds under loaded and unloaded
conditions, proper rigging procedures, and signaling.
You must be able to set the crane up properly for lifts,
always keeping in mind that safety comes first and
CRANE OPERATORS DAILY
Before a crane is operated or transported, it
must be thoroughly inspected by the operator. The