Table 4-1.-Volume Changesobtained are in cubic feet. To convert cubic feet intocubic yards, divide the cubic feet by 27 (there are 27cubic feet in 1 cubic yard). Another method is todivide each original linear measurement by 3 toconvert the number of feet into yards; then multiplythe values together to cubic yards. Be aware, however,that this method may lead to working in fractions,decimals, and mixed numbers.Cubic yards of material are either inplace, loose, orcompacted. Material excavated in its natural stateincreases in volume, commonly known as swell.Undisturbed material is measured as inplace cubicyards, material loosened by handling is measured inloose cubic yards, and the volume of compactedmaterial is measured as compacted cubic yards. Youmust remember when calculating estimates from prints,cuts are estimated as inplace cubic yards, and fills areestimated as compacted cubic yards. To calculate thecorrect amount of material to be handled, you canconvert the present soil conditions using table 4-1.4-5

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