Figure 9-13.--Open side planer.
the side and the top surfaces of work mounted on the
The size of a planer is determined by the size of the
largest work that can be clamped and machined on its
table; thus, a 30 inch by 30 inch by 6 foot planer is one
that can accommodate work up to these dimensions.
Planers arc divided into two general classes, the
All planers consist of five principal parts: the bed,
OPEN side type and the DOUBLE HOUSING type.
table, columns, crossrail, and toolhead.
The bed is a heavy, rigid casting that supports the
single vertical housing to which the crossrail is attached.
entire piece of machinery. The ways on which the planer
table rides are on the upper surface of the bed.
The advantage of this design is that you can plane work
The table is a flat, cast-iron surface to which the
that is too wide to pass between the uprights of a double
work is mounted. The planer table has T-slots and
reamed holes that are used to fasten work to the table.
In the double housing plancr, the worktable moves
On the underside of the table there is usually a gear train
between two vertical housings to which a crossrail and
or a hydraulic mechanism that gives the table its
toolhead are attached. The larger machines are usually
equipped with the cutting heads mounted to the crossrail
The columns of a double housing planer are
as well as a side head mounted on each housing. With
attached to either side of the bed and at one end of the
this setup, it is possible to machine simultaneously both
planer. On the open side planer there is only one column