except when necessary and then only when it is safe to
. Avoid excessive speeds at all times. The fuel
tank truck is top-heavy when loaded with fuel, and
unstable when partially filled with fuel. The operator
must be alert when traveling over rough terrain, on
gravel, and on curves.
Be alert for passing or
. Drive downgrade in the same gear that would be
used to drive upgrade.
. Move completely off the road if possible, when
parking. Set the brakes and chock the wheels when
parked on a grade. Set flags during the day and set
reflectors at night.
. Stop at all railroad crossings, and be especially
watchful if there are multiple tracks.
. Keep your vehicle moving to prevent an
accumulation of vapor if a small leak develops. Arrange
to discharge the load at the nearest point.
. Ask for assistance if a large amount of fuel
is escaping which may be the case if the vehicle is
damaged. Immediately secure the engine, cordon
the area, and obtain fire-fighting and security
. Avoid driving past a fire or near the site until it is
safe to do so.
. Never smoke on or about tank vehicles used for
hauling flammable liquids. Carry no matches on such
. Examine tires occasionally on long hauls for air
pressure and for damage that could cause an accident.
. Fuel-handling vehicles should be parked in the
least congested area of a pool, properly marked with the
type of fuel on board, and No Smoking Within 50 Feet
signs visible from any direction. Remember: SAFETY
A bus driver must be mature and reliable and must
ensure a bus is safe before driving it. Besides
performing the normal prestart procedures, the
following are items the operator must ensure are in good
1. Service brakes
2. Parking brake
Lights and reflectors
Tires and horn
Rearview mirror or mirrors
Wheels and rims
Additionally, check the interior of the bus to
ensure rider safety. Aisles and stairwells must always
be clear and the following must be in a safe working
1. Each handhold and railing
2. Floor covering
3. Signal devices (emergency door buzzer)
4. Emergency exit handles
5. Emergency exit sign visible
6. Seats secured to the bus
NOTE: The bus must have a fire extinguisher and
emergency reflectors as outlined in the Federal Motor
Carrier Safety Regulations Pocketbook, ORS-7A.
Additionally, the bus must also have spare electrical
fuses unless equipped with circuit breakers.
When performing the normal prestart inspection
procedures for a bus, you should use the Bus Inspection
Memory Aid (fig. 6-22).
The bus driver has the responsibility for the orderly
behavior and safety of all passengers and cargo and
should be neat in appearance and maintain a courteous
The following are rules a bus driver must follow
when operating a bus:
1. Do not allow a rider to stand forward of the rear
of the drivers seat. Buses, designed to allow standing,
should have a 2-inch line on the floor or some other
means showing riders where they cannot stand. This
line is called the standee line, and all passengers must
stay behind it.
2. Do not put a bus in motion with the doors open,
and do not close the doors until all passengers are
completely clear of the doors.
3. Pay attention to the road when driving and do
not carry on unnecessary conversation
passengers while the vehicle is in motion.