This section will give you the information you need
to manufacture a worm and a worm wheel using the
center-to-center distance and the ratio between the
worm (driver) and the worm wheel (driven).
To find the center-to-center distance of a worm and
a worm wheel, add the worm pitch radius and the worm
wheel pitch radius.
WORM WHEEL HOBS
A hob is a cylindrical worm converted into a cutting
tool. Hobs resemble worms in appearance and are ideal
for cutting a worm wheel. The hob's teeth are cut on the
outside of a cylinder following a helical path
corresponding to the thread line of a worm. The cutting
edges of the hob are formed when flutes are cut into the
worm. For small lead angles, flutes are cut parallel to
the axis; while for large lead angles (6° and above), they
Figure 14-24.--Formation of desired radius.
are cut helically at a right angle to the thread line of the
As you swivel the cutter to a predetermined angle
As a general rule, there should not be a common
to cut the calculated throat radius, you will form a right
factor between the number of starts and the number of
flutes. Even numbers of starts (6, 8, or 10) should have
odd numbers of flutes (7 or 11).
You can usually find the approximate number of
gashes (flutes) if you multiply the diameter of the hob
by 3 and divide this product by twice the linear pitch.
To determine the depth of cut, subtract the throat
There are, however, certain modifications you may
diameter from the rim diameter and divide by two.
have to make. The number of gashes (flutes) has a
relationship to the number of threads in the hob and to
the number of teeth in the worm gear. Try to avoid a
common factor between the number of threads and the
number of gashes. For example, if the worm is a
(WORM AND WORM WHEEL)
double-thread worm, the number of gashes should be 7
or 9 rather than 8. If the worm is a triple-thread worm,
As with other systems of gearing you have studied,
select 7 or 11 gashes rather than 6 or 9, as both 6 and 9
worm gearing is designed to transfer motion between
have a factor in common with 3.
two planes at a fixed ratio. The majority of spur and
It is also best to avoid having a common factor
helical gears have adjustments for the center-to-center
between the number of threads in the hob and the
distance and for backlash. In worm gearing, the
number of teeth in the worm gear. For example, if the
center-to-center distance is very important. The worm
number of teeth is 28, a triple thread will be satisfactory
gearing systems are designed to transfer as much power
as possible in the smallest practical space.
since 3 is not a factor of 28.