Figure 9-15.--Application of step block and clamp.
Holding the Work
The various accessories used to hold planer or
shaper work may make the difference between a
Figure 9-16.--Correct and incorrect clamp applications.
superior job and a poor job. There are no set rules on
the use of planer accessories to clamp down a piece of
work--results will depend on your ingenuity and
One way to hold down work on the worktable is by
using clamps atached to the worktable by bolts inserted
in the T-slots. Figure 9-14 shows a step block that you
can use with clamps when you need to clamp an
irregularly shaped piece of work to the planer table. One
accurately machined step block is used with a
incorrect ways to apply clamps.
You can use jacks of different sizes to level and
support work on the planer table. The conical point
screw (fig. 9-17, B) replaces the swivel pad-type screw
for use in a comer. You can use extension bases (fig.
9-17, C, D, E, and F) to increase the effective height of
Figure 9-17.--Planer jack and extension bases.
workpiece. You can use it to engrave flat and uniformly
The pantograph (engraving machine) is essentially
a reproduction machine. It is used in the Navy to
There are several different models of engraving
engrave letters and numbers on label plates, to engrave
and graduate dials and collars, and in other work that
requires the exact reproduction of a flat pattern on the
shows one model that mounts on a bench or a table top