chuck or a universal vise. We will discuss each of them
in the next paragraphs.
Since most surface grinding is done on flat
workpieces, most surface grinders have magnetic
chucks. These chucks are simple to use. You can mount
the work directly on the chuck or on angle plates,
parallels, or other devices mounted on the chuck You
cannot hold nonmagnetic materials in a chuck unless
you use special setups.
series of magnetic poles separated by nonmagnetic
materials. The magnetism of the chuck may be induced
by permanent magnets or by electricity. In a
permanent-type magnetic chuck, the chuck control
lever positions a series of small magnets inside the
chuck to hold the work In an electromagnetic chuck,
electric current induces magnetism in the chuck; the
control lever is an electric switch. For either chuck,
Figure 10-9.--Universal vise (mounted on a tool and cutter
work will not remain in place unless it contacts at least
grinder). A. Base swivel. B. Intermediate swivel. C. Vise
two poles of the chuck.
Work held in a magnetic chuck may become
magnetized during the grinding operation. This is not
usually desirable and the work should be demagnetized.
Most modern magnetic chucks are equipped with
A magnetic chuck will become worn and scratched
after repeated use and will not produce the accurate
results normally required of a grinder. You can remove
small burrs by hand stoning with a fine grade oilstone.
But, you must regrind the chuck to remove deep
scratches and low spots caused by wear. If you remove
the chuck from the grinder, be sure to regrind the chuck
table when you replace the chuck to make sure the table
is parallel with the grinder table. To grind the table, use
a soft grade wheel with a grit size of about 46. Feed the
chuck slowly with a depth of cut that does not exceed
0.002 inch. Use enough coolant to help reduce heat and
flush away the grinding chips.
Figure 10-10.--Grinding a spacer on a surface grinder.
when you need to grind complex angles on a workpiece.
in a vertical plane; and the vise swivel (C, fig. 10-9) in
You can mount the vise directly on the worktable of the
either a vertical or a horizontal plane, depending on the
grinder or on the magnetic chuck.
position of the intermediate swivel.
You can use the universal vise to set up work, such
as lathe tools, so you can position the surface to be
SURFACE GRINDER OPERATION
ground at any angle. The swivels rotate through 360°.
We will use a hardened steel spacer similar to the
You can rotate the base swivel (A, fig. 10-9) in a
horizontal plane; the intermediate swivel (B, fig. 10-9)